Israel is a country in the Middle East, on the south eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. It has land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan on the east, the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west, respectively, and Egypt to the southwest. The geography has diverse features within its relatively small area.
Jerusalem is the Nation’s capital but the financial centre and technology hub is Tel Aviv.
Temperatures in Israel vary widely, especially during the winter. Coastal areas, such as those of Tel Aviv and Haifa, have a typical Mediterranean climate with cool, rainy winters and long, hot summers. The Southern Negev , Dead Sea Eilat have desert climate with very hot and dry summers, and mild winters with few days of rain. During winter , one can ski in the north and sun bath in the South .
The official languages are Hebrew, English and Arabic but having so many newcomers from all over the world, one can hear in the streets a lot of Russian, French and Spanish.